Patient care pathways under the model of integrating tuberculosis service with general hospitals in China
Objective: To report care pathways of tuberculosis (TB) patients under the integrated model, where TB clinical service is provided by a general hospital instead of the TB dispensary, with the aim of providing policy recommendations for TB care reforms in China.
Methods Six counties implementing the integrated model were randomly selected, and 50 TB patients in each county participated in a questionnaire survey.
Results Of the 301 participants, 82 visited only the TB designated hospital. A patient visited a median of two health providers in total. The median external provider delay and internal provider delay were 1 and 0 day, respectively. The median out-of-pocket medical costs were US$379 in total; US$293 in the TB units and US$0 in other health units in the TB designated hospital. Logistic regression analyses suggested that patients who visited the primary care facilities first tended to have longer external delays (OR = 5.71) than patients who visited the other hospitals (OR = 10.16).
Conclusion The integrated model is promising as it reported relatively fewer patient pathways and shorter delays than the dispensary model. However, the integrated model did not reduce patient out-of-pocket costs.
Wei XiaoLin; Jia Yin; Zou GuanYang; Walley, J.; Zhong JieMign; Chen SongHua; Qiang Sun; Wang XiaoMing. Patient care pathways under the model of integrating tuberculosis service with general hospitals in China. Tropical Medicine and International Health (2013) 18 (11) 1392-1399. [DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12197]