The program 'Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction' (CFPR) was initiated by BRAC to fight extreme poverty in rural Bangladesh. The first phase of the CFPR programme (CFPR I) was launched in 2002 for five years (2002- 2006) with the vision of enhancing economic and social capabilities of ultra poor households in Bangladesh. According to its project proposal of CFPR II, a two-pronged CFPR model was designed to ‘push down’ with instruments specially designed to help the ultra poor build their livelihoods and develop their human capabilities, while ‘pushing out’ to remove the wider socio-political constraints on their development, and raise the profile and priority of ultra poverty within the wider society. This report describes a baseline survey of the extreme poor conducted for CFPR II.
All the chapters included in this report can be classified into four broad sections. The section on livelihood assets includes chapters on socio-demographic profile (chapter 2), asset holding (chapter 3) and schooling and literacy (chapter 4). Chapters covered in the vulnerability section include health and health-seeking behaviour (chapter 5), food security and nutritional status (chapter 6), maternal nutritional knowledge and child nutritional status, (chapter 7) and vulnerability and social network (chapter 8). Chapters covered in the section on transforming structures and process include empowerment (chapter 9), knowledge, perception, attitude and behaviour on gender among the surveyed villagers (chapter 10), and Gram Daridro Bimochon committee (chapter 11). The section on livelihood and outcomes covers chapters on food consumption pattern (chapter 12) and employment and income (chapter 13).