Women’s presence in labour markets has increased in many parts of the world with the integration of the global economy and the spread of flexible labour markets. Paid work has become a primary route through which large numbers of women in developing countries enter the public domain. MDG 3 on gender equality and women’s empowerment cites women’s share of non-agricultural employment as a key indicator of progress. Yet there is little agreement about whether, and what kind of paid work, contributes to women’s empowerment.
This Brief is based on Pathways Working Paper 3