Promoting alternative livelihood opportunities for pastoralists, either
to replace or complement livestock production, must be central to
pastoralist development. But new opportunities will often be highly
specific, whether to women or men, to poorer or better-off pastoralists,
or to different locations, market opportunities and institutional
Population growth and the weakening of traditional pastoralism by
adverse policies make it essential to find other income sources for
pastoralists, either in rangelands or in more distant areas. Such a view
acknowledges the pressures on pastoralism, but does not imply a belief
that pastoral livestock production is in itself unsustainable.
The search for livelihood diversification should go hand in hand with
strengthening pastoralism through improved markets, governance and
better links between relief and development.
This briefing was based on a series of 8 Pastoralism Information
Notes produced under the overall supervision of
John Morton of the Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich.
Each briefing presents the context, policy implications, ways forward
and evidence of change.
WRENmedia, Eye, UK, 2 pp.