Pastoralist livelihoods in the contemporary world depend on the sale of
livestock or livestock products and are thus intricately bound up with
local and increasingly global markets. The world is seeing a steady rise
in demand for livestock products, but pastoralists risk being left
behind in this \"livestock revolution\". Reasons include a poor fit
between pastoralists' objectives in selling their livestock and the
demands of the market, and long and risky marketing chains.
The regulatory system for international livestock trade requires proof
of the disease-free status of geographical areas, proof that is
difficult for exporters and governments to provide, especially for
remote areas. An alternative, of proving that commodities pose a minimal
risk of disease transmission, is now being proposed.
This briefing was based on a series of 8 Pastoralism Information
Notes produced under the overall supervision of
John Morton of the Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich.
Each briefing presents the context, policy implications, ways forward
and evidence of change.