As victims of recurrent droughts, large-scale international food-aid
continues to be a necessary response for many pastoralists, which has
led to much discussion on whether pastoralism is a viable and
sustainable livelihood. But the issue is not only the frequency and
severity of drought, it is the social, economic and policy trends that
make pastoralists more vulnerable. These include growing populations,
encroachment on grazing land, armed conflict, failure to recognise
collective forms of natural resource management, underdevelopment of
markets and political marginalisation.
There are a number of practical approaches that can be adopted to reduce
the impacts of drought, and to smooth the transition back from relief to
development. Improved risk reduction and relief-development linkages
must be part of the solution.
This briefing was based on a series of 8 [Pastoralism Information
Notes produced under the overall supervision of
John Morton of the Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich.
Each briefing presents the context, policy implications, ways forward
and evidence of change.
WRENmedia, Eye, UK, 2 pp.