The persistence of poverty, environmental degradation and conflict in
many pastoral areas is largely a direct result of inappropriate policy
and development interventions. Enduring perceptions of pastoralism as an
economically inefficient and environmentally destructive land use system
continue to drive rangeland and livestock policy. Yet none of these
policies is evidence-based, nor are they developed with the
participation of pastoral communities.
Governments' poor understanding of pastoralism, combined with the
inability of pastoral groups to influence policy and hold government to
account, is perpetuating a vicious circle of pastoral poverty and
conflict, reinforcing the preconceptions that pastoralism has no future
and has to be modernised or replaced. Building the capacities of both
pastoral communities and their advocates to challenge these perceptions
and participate more effectively in political decision-making is thus
critical for future development and peace in the drylands.
This briefing was based on a series of 8 Pastoralism Information
Notes produced under the overall supervision of
John Morton of the Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich.
Each briefing presents the context, policy implications, ways forward
and evidence of change.
WRENmedia, Eye, UK, 2 pp.
Pastoralism: Progressing Policies that favour Pastoralists. 3. Rights, Governance and Voice