The aim of this paper is to explore in greater detail the failure to invest in children's education as an aspect of the inter-generational transmission of poverty. It draws on research that we have been conducting as a part of the IDS Social Policy Programme on educational exclusion in South Asia. The research was organised around the idea of the 'quantity-quality' transition, the process by which families move from large numbers of children with low investments of resources per child to smaller numbers of children with higher resource investments, particularly investments in education, per child. Historical evidence suggests that large-scale declines in fertility rarely take place till there has been a decline in mortality while a recent overview of evidence suggests that this demographic transition appears to have been accompanied in many parts of the world by rising levels of education.
Past, present and future: child labour and the intergenerationaltransmission of poverty [Draft], presented at Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, 7-9 April 2003. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 46 pp.