Please highlight any evidence/lessons learned concerning participation in transparency and accountability initiatives, focusing on budget processes and extractive industries (e.g. whether participation contributed to effectiveness or whether a lack of participation was a constraint).
This helpdesk research report outlines evidence and lessons learned concerning participation in transparency and accountability initiatives, focusing on budget processes (particularly participatory budget initiatives) and management of extractive industries. Regarding budget processes, two models have been identified in the literature: the New Public Management (NPM) paradigm and the society-centred approach. NPM introduces notions of transparency and accountability into the area of public administration in order to achieve good governance, whereas the society-centred approach focuses more on the society aspect of ‘state-society relations’. The emphasis here is on the autonomy and agency of grassroots movements and less on the importance of policymakers and public authorities who design and facilitate the process. Almost all of the cases profiled represent positive examples of participation being well-incorporated in initiatives and contributing to greater effectiveness in the achievement of developmental outcomes.
The report finds that many transparency and accountability initiatives tend to focus on process-driven outcomes, such as increasing the participation of civil society organisations, promoting disclosure of contracts and/or demanding greater revenue transparency. Most of the literature on extractives and natural resource management surveyed focuses on participation in the context of an established (global) mechanism, in particular the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). Unlike the studies on budgetary processes, almost all of the cases profiled here represent negative examples of participation being poorly incorporated into initiatives and undermining effectiveness in the achievement of developmental outcomes.
Haider, H. Participation in transparency and accountability initiatives &#8211; the case of budgetary processes and extractive industries (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2012) 20 pp.