It is unclear what effects a conditional cash transfer (CCT) program
would have on child anthropometry, language development, or school
achievement in the context of the nutrition transition experienced by
many low- and middle-income countries.
We estimated the association of participation in Peru’s Juntos CCT
with anthropometry, language development, and school achievement among
children aged 7–8 y.
We used data from the Young Lives cohort study, a cohort born between
2001 and 2002. We estimated associations of the Juntos program with
height-for-age z score (HAZ), body mass index–for–age z score (BAZ),
stunting, and overweight at age 7–8 y separately for children
participating in the program for ≥2 y (n = 169) and children
participating for n = 188). We then estimated associations with
receptive vocabulary and grade achievement among children who had been
assessed at age 4–6 y before enrollment in Juntos (n = 243). We
identified control subjects using propensity score matching and
conducted difference-in-differences comparisons.
Juntos participation was associated with increases in HAZ among boys
participating for ≥2 y (average effect of treatment among the treated
(ATT): 0.43; 95% CI: 0.09, 0.77; P = 0.01) and for boys participating
for P P P = 0.03). We observed no significant associations of Juntos
participation with receptive vocabulary or grade attainment.
CCT program participation in Peru was associated with better linear
growth among boys and decreased BAZ among girls, highlighting that a
large-scale poverty-alleviation intervention may influence
anthropometric outcomes in the context of the nutrition transition.
Andersen, C.T.; Reynolds, S.A.; Behrman, J.R.; Crookston, B.T.; Dearden, K.A.; Escobal, J.; Mani, S.; Sánchez, A.; Stein, A.D.; Fernald, L.C.H. Participation in the Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Program in Peru Is Associated with Changes in Child Anthropometric Status but Not Language Development or School Achievement. Journal of Nutrition (2015) : [DOI: 10.3945/jn.115.213546]
Participation in the Juntos Conditional Cash Transfer Program in Peru Is Associated with Changes in Child Anthropometric Status but Not Language Development or School Achievement