This report is the first step of the project which has compiled and assessed the current state of knowledge of poultry systems and their place in the larger economy of the study country, the current HPAI situation and its evolution, and institutional experiences with its control (or, where it has not taken place, contingency places should it arise). Due to the limited time given for the paper's preparation and difficulties in obtaining consistent and updated data for the whole of Indonesia, which covers nearly 2 million km2 and reaches from Aceh Province in the Northwest of Sumatra to the Western part of Papua, it was decided to focus on the Island of Java. Java represents 60% of the human and 70% of poultry population of Indonesia (MoA, 2007). Cases of HPAI H5N1 are continuously reported for poultry and constantly but sporadically reported for humans. In the preparation of this paper, if some of the information on the poultry sector was not available for the country, or specifically for Java, a group of experts was asked for their opinion. The expert panel consisted of a group of veterinarians: 2 epidemiologists, 1 field veterinarian and 1 veterinarian employed in a commercial farm.
Africa/Indonesia Team Working Paper No. 3, 77 pp.