Please provide an overview of corruption and anti-corruption efforts and actors in Somalia.
As one of the longest instances of state collapse in recent years, Somalia faces many of the major corruption challenges that affect conflict-torn countries, with rampant corruption and a deeply entrenched patronage system undermining the legitimacy of the internationally recognised Transition Federal Government (TFG). Corruption is further exacerbated by the absence of a functional central government, a lack of resources and administrative capacity, weak leadership structures as well as a limited ability to pay public officials.
Chêne, M. Overview of corruption and anti-corruption in Somalia. U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, CMI, Bergen, Norway (2012) 8 pp. [U4 Expert Answer 337]