Please provide an overview of corruption and anti-corruption in Lebanon, with a focus on the energy sector.
Corruption in Lebanon is widespread and permeates all levels of society, as reflected by the country’s global and regional average performances scores in most governance areas. Political parties, public administration, the Parliament and the police are perceived as the most corrupt institutions of the country. Partly due to political instability, the country has not established the necessary integrity structures nor are there indications of a strong political will to fight corruption. Lebanon’s confessional power-sharing arrangements fuels patronage networks and clientelism, which undermines further the country’s governance system.
Wickberg, S. Overview of corruption and anti-corruption in Lebanon. U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, CMI, Bergen, Norway (2012) 10 pp. [U4 Expert Answer 350]