This ORN addresses the inclusion of social benefits in rural transport appriasal. It identifies the nature of social benefits, how they can be measured using indicators, and how they can be included in the appraisal process for rural transport. A software 'add-on' to include social benefits with HDM-4 is also descirbed.
The document is primarily targeted at those engaged in the appraisal of roads, but it will also be of value to other stakeholders who should be involved in the process of road-fund allocation.
Overseas Road Note 22: a guide to pro-poor transport appraisal.