The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that flood risks
can be reduced through a broad mix of flood management measures, typical
for the Indian context, with specific considerations for climate change.
The project also aims to demonstrate to central and state governments
the benefits of such an integrated flood management and planning
process, and to provide guidance on that planning process, and to
translate results into updated Central Water Commission guidelines and
regulations for future approval.
The key focus of the community sub-component of this assignment is to
assess the flood-related issues the Burhi-Gandak basin community is
facing and their related needs, and to develop a proposal for
mainstreaming those community needs and initiatives into Integrated
Flood Management. The methodology adopted for understanding the
community needs and problems includes consultations and household
surveys. The analysis of the information collected through these
field-based activities was supplemented by secondary data including
census data, hazard and loss data available at the state level.
A two-pronged approach was adopted to collect community-based
information: community consultation through Focus Group Discussion and
household surveys. The purpose of these community-based activities is to
collect first-hand information on the localized issues, needs and
community perception of flood hazard and associated risk, and to reveal
community preferences on structural and non-structural interventions for
flood management. While community consultation provides a larger picture
of the community in general, the household survey provides
household-specific information, including losses and damages caused by
Anon. Operational Research to Support Mainstreaming Integrated Flood Management in India under Climate Change - Vol. 6a: Community Survey Report: Burhi-Gandak, Bihar. ADB, Manila, Philippines (2015) 71 pp.
Operational Research to Support Mainstreaming Integrated Flood Management in India under Climate Change - Vol. 6a: Community Survey Report: Burhi-Gandak, Bihar