The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that flood risks can be reduced through a broad mix of flood management measures, typical for the Indian context, with specific considerations for climate change. The project also aims to demonstrate to central and state governments the benefits of such an integrated flood management and planning process, and to provide guidance on that planning process, and to translate results into updated Central Water Commission guidelines and regulations for future approval.
The key focus of the community sub-component of this assignment is to assess the flood-related issues the Burhi-Gandak basin community is facing and their related needs, and to develop a proposal for mainstreaming those community needs and initiatives into Integrated Flood Management. The methodology adopted for understanding the community needs and problems includes consultations and household surveys. The analysis of the information collected through these field-based activities was supplemented by secondary data including census data, hazard and loss data available at the state level.
A two-pronged approach was adopted to collect community-based information: community consultation through Focus Group Discussion and household surveys. The purpose of these community-based activities is to collect first-hand information on the localized issues, needs and community perception of flood hazard and associated risk, and to reveal community preferences on structural and non-structural interventions for flood management. While community consultation provides a larger picture of the community in general, the household survey provides household-specific information, including losses and damages caused by flooding.
Anon. Operational Research to Support Mainstreaming Integrated Flood Management in India under Climate Change - Vol. 6a: Community Survey Report: Burhi-Gandak, Bihar. ADB, Manila, Philippines (2015) 71 pp.