The universal flat pension of Rupees 100 to all elderly2above 75 years was first announced in Nepal by the then Prime Minister of Nepal, Mr Manmohan Adhikari,on 26 December 1994. Five districts from the five development regions of Nepal were selected on a pilot basis and the first disbursement of Old age Allowance Program (OAP) was made on 2nd July 1995 for a six-month period from January-June.
Eligibility Criteria: All Nepalese, men and women, aged 75 and above are eligible for the pension. Our brief survey indicates that more elderly females above 75 receive allowances compared to females. The single year age returns show no clear trends. Among the three areas surveyed in Nepal, we found that the female beneficiaries numbered 311 and male beneficiaries 265. In other words, for every 100 males, 118 females receive old age allowances in Nepal. We also present the age profile of pensioners for the three areas of Nepal on the basis of data collected at the field level Using the VDC and Ward registers, we have tried to compile the statistics of beneficiaries for each year.
Old age allowance program in Nepal, presented at Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, 7-9 April 2003. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 21 pp.