In early 2005, the Nicaraguan Foundation for Technological Development
in Agriculture, Livestock and Forestry (FUNICA) began a pilot service in
collaboration with the Global Plant Clinic (GPC), the Central American
Integrated Pest Management Program (PROMIPAC), the National Commission
for Agricultural Education (CNEA) and local organisations in Las
Segovias, northern Nicaragua, to improve farmers' access to adequate
and timely information and advisory services for plant health.
Four Plant Clinics (Puestos para Plantas in Spanish) were initially
established as a new type of farmer-friendly public service. This was
followed by the establishment of the Diagnostic Network (now the Plant
Healthcare and Diagnostic Network), giving the support from specialists
to provide correct diagnoses and seek accurate control options.
At the end of 2007 there were 18 Plant Clinics managed by farmers'
organisations, NGOs and INTA (Nicaraguan Agricultural Technology
Institute) in 5 regions of the country, and some 14 new clinics were
being planned. The extensionists ('plant doctors') had responded to
over 2,000 queries in more than 100 crops. New diseases had been
discovered; diagnostic laboratories were being used more, and a database
of the queries containing valuable information for making strategic
decisions had been established.
This report presents the results of a self-evaluation made by a diverse
team of actors of the Plant Clinics and Plant Healthcare Network. The
self-evaluation covers the period from March 2005 to November 2007, and
documents results and experiences, identifies the main achievements,
difficulties, keys to success and defines guidelines to consolidate the
National Plant Protection System in Nicaragua.
The original Spanish edition of this report 'Servicios Públicos de
Salud de Plantas para Todos. Resultados y Lecciones Aprendidas
2005-2007' was published in 2008.
Nicaragua - Public Plant Health Services for All. Results and Lessons Learned 2005-2007