Sudan is at the heart of the whole humanitarian reform process. It was perceptions of poor performance by the humanitarian community here that drove the Humanitarian Reform initiative. Sudan was the first country to have a large Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF). This report examines NGO engagement with the three pillars of the humanitarian reform: funding; coordination; and leadership; as well as the overall enabler of partnership.
In Sudan, NGO engagement with the humanitarian reforms has been mainly limited by the lack of reform. Key elements of the humanitarian reform have not been implemented: pooled funds have not been used as a strategic tool; the cluster coordination approach is clusterised in name only; NGOs are not treated as equal partners; and the Humanitarian Coordinator does not have a humanitarian background. All of these issues are linked. Particularly critical is the lack of strong humanitarian leadership. The humanitarian reforms can only succeed when all elements of the reform are in place. This is not happening in Sudan.