This report is based on a 12-day visit to the Democratic Republic of the Congo from the 19th to the 30th of January 2009. The report begins by outlining the elements of the context in the DRC that have direct relevance for humanitarian response. It then presents findings under the three pillars of humanitarian reform – coordination, funding and leadership – as well as under the project themes of partnership, accountability to beneficiaries and effect of the reforms on humanitarian response. To maintain a direct link between findings and recommendations, it presents the latter at the end of each section. It also draws out some cross-cutting conclusions and recommendations at the end.