Nepal: How the people of Nepal live with climate change and what communication can do

This is part of the Climate Asia project, the world's largest study of people's everyday experience of climate change


Climate Asia is the world's largest study of people's everyday experience of climate change. The project surveyed 33,500 people across 7 Asian countries, including 2,354 households and 20 opinion formers and experts in Nepal. Twelve focus group discussions and 5 community assessments were carried out across the country.

The research was conducted from May 2012 to March 2013 across all Nepal’s ecological and developmental regions. This included a nationally representative survey conducted during July and August 2012. Climate Asia recorded the opinions, insights and needs of the population, more than 70% of whom live on less than $2 (£1.30) a day.

This report (in English and Nepali) presents the findings from Nepal.

This report explores how people live and deal with change in order to understand their communication needs and help them respond to changes in climate. Sections 1 and 2 of the report highlight how recent positive changes, including increasing development, have come hand-in-hand with new concerns about the environment, changes in climate and access to food, water and energy.

In sections 3 and 4, the report details how people are responding to change and the factors that enable and constrain response. This includes how informed they feel and the extent to which they are engaged in their community.

Section 5 explores how different stakeholders can use these insights to craft communication that supports people to respond to changes in climate.

Section 6 introduces segments for understanding people's needs in Nepal. Analysis of Climate Asia data allowed researchers to segment the people surveyed into groups. These segments help us to understand people's needs, as well as to identify communication opportunities to enable effective action.

Section 7 details the communication channels Nepalis use now and how to best reach people through the media.

Finally, Section 8 builds on all of this information to identify three important priority audiences – farmers, housewives living in the Terai, and young people aged 15–24 – and highlights each audience's specific communication needs.

The report concludes by highlighting how the information, insight and tools generated by the Climate Asia project can be used to communicate with other audiences.


Colom, A.; Pradhan, S. Nepal: How the people of Nepal live with climate change and what communication can do. BBC Media Action, London, UK (2013) 72 pp.

Published 1 January 2013