To identify the main causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality a retrospective study was carried out at the Special Care Baby Unit (SCABU) of the Department of Paediatrics, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation for Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM – a private hospital) for a period of 1 year from January to December 2005. A total of 361 neonates were included in this cohort. The ratio of male (200) to female (154) neonates was 1:0.7. Most of the babies (300) were born in this hospital. Major causes of morbidity were prematurity (60.7% of neonates), low birth weight (LBW; 48.2%), jaundice (23.3%), severe perinatal asphyxia (10.8%), transient tachypnoea of newborn (10.8%), respiratory distress syndrome (6.4%) and sepsis (6.4%). There were 38 deaths; most were associated with prematurity (71.1% of deaths), LBW (65.8%), intrauterine growth retardation (23.7%), respiratory distress syndrome (36.8%), severe perinatal asphyxia (18.4%) and sepsis/pneumonia (15.9%). Outcome of babies born in this hospital (8% mortality) was better than those referred from other hospitals (32.6% mortality; p
Ibrahim Medical College Journal (2007) Vol 1, No 2, pp. 1-4 [doi: 10.3329/imcj.v1i2.2896].