Two surveys of maternal mortality conducted in Egypt, in 1992-93 and 2000, collected data from a representative sample of health bureaux covering all of Egypt, except for for frontier govenorates which were covered only by the later survey, using the vital registration forms. The number of maternal deaths were determined and interviews conducted. The medical causes of death and avoidable factors were determined. Results showed that the maternal mortality rate (MMR) had dropped by 52% within that period (from 174 to 84/100,000 live births).
Campbell, O.; Gipson, R.; Issa, A.H.; Matta, N.; El Deeb, B.; El Mohandes, A.; Mansour, E. National maternal mortality ratio in Egypt halved between 1992-93 and 2000. Bulletin of the World Health Organization (2005) 83: 462-471.