National climate change adaptation: Emerging practices in monitoring and evaluation

This report identify 4 tools that countries can draw upon in their own assessment frameworks


Developing countries are increasingly moving towards more strategic national policies and plans, the effectiveness of which will depend upon proper assessment of a given country’s vulnerability to climate change. This report draws upon emerging monitoring and evaluation practices across developed and developing countries to identify four tools that countries can draw upon in their own assessment frameworks: (1) climate change risk and vulnerability assessments, (2) indicators to monitor progress on adaptation priorities, (3) project and programme evaluations to identify effective adaptation approaches, and (4) national audits and climate expenditure reviews.

The appropriate mix of tools to monitor and evaluate national climate-change adaptation will to a large extent be determined by data availability, monitoring and evaluation capacity, and the ability to bring together the producers and the users of relevant climate information. The report also examines how development co-operation providers can support partner countries in their efforts to monitor and evaluate adaptation.

This report has been produced by OECD with the financial assistance of the Swiss Development Co-operation Agency and the UK Department for International Development (DFID) Adaptation Knowledge and Tools programme. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of OECD member countries, DFID’s own views or policies, or those of Evidence on Demand.

The Adaptation Knowledge and Tools programme is a DFID-funded programme intended to maximise the effectiveness of UK and international investment in climate change adaptation and resilience. The knowledge and tools generated through this programme are expected to promote greater understanding of what constitutes best practice in adaptation, as well as better international cohesion and coordination around adaptation. Through these entry points the programme expects to increase the quality of international and UK adaptation programming and reduce its risk.


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. National climate change adaptation: Emerging practices in monitoring and evaluation. OECD Publishing, Paris, France (2015) 95 pp. ISBN 9789264229662 [DOI: 10.1787/9789264229679-en]

Published 1 January 2015