Myanmar’s stabilisation challenges

What communities are most at risk of conflict and displacement? What are the sources of resilience that are mitigating tensions?


Question for this helpdesk report:

What communities in Myanmar are most at risk of violent conflict and displacement and what are the main sources of resilience that are mitigating tensions or preventing conflict from escalating? What role can the international community play in the above?

The communities currently most at risk of, and affected by, conflict and violence are those living in the Kokang Self-Administered Zone and in other parts of northern Shan State. Other affected communities include those in Kachin, Rakhine, Chin and Kayin States. The community most affected by the threat of forced displacement is the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic group, in Rakhine State. The nature of conflict in these areas ranges from occasional to frequent clashes between armed groups and government forces. In addition to armed conflict, Rakhine State suffers from tensions between the Muslim and Buddhist communities


Strachan, A.L. (2017). Myanmar’s stabilisation challenges (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report). Birmingham, UK: GSDRC, University of Birmingham.

Myanmar’s stabilisation challenges

Published 2 May 2017