This paper seeks to analyze this profound shift in Medellín through the lens of governance and structuration theories. On the one hand governance theory suggests that, in an increasingly interconnected world, cities have greater capacity to engage a multitude of actors toward progressive and effective urban development. Qualifying that optimism, structuration theory reminds that progress is, ultimately, a balancing act between the forces of structure and human agency. With this in mind, this paper evaluates the extent to which Medellín has in the past or now does represent a model of good governance - one that promotes effectiveness, agency, equitable distribution and interdependence.
Bahl, V. Murder capital to modern miracle? : the progression of governance in Medellin, Colombia. University College London, (2012) 37 pp. ISBN 1474-3280