Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), a highly heterozygous crop, is devastated by cassava mosaic disease (CMD). The discovery of the CMD2 dominant gene is helpful in the genetic analysis of CMD resistance. Molecular markers for CMD2 gene were used to introgress CMD resistance into Latin American cassava genotypes and validated in the field for 4 yr for stability of resistance conferred by CMD2. Field screening identified 64 Latin American genotypes with stable resistance to CMD. Resistance to CMD of two Nigerian cassava cultivars (TMS 97/2205 and TMS 98/0505) was analyzed with markers and in the field. Molecular data indicated that CMD resistance in the two Nigerian cultivars was mediated by the CMD2 gene. Results showed TMS 97/2205 to be highly resistant to CMD in three ecological zones in Nigeria. Further genetic analysis of this genotype as a source of high level of resistance to CMD using a segregating F1 population derived from a TMS 97/2205 × NR 8083 cross was initiated using 530 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for CMD resistance. A marker (NS198) associated with a QTL for CMD resistance, explaining 11% of the phenotypic variance observed, was identified. The combined effect of this QTL and CMD2 may account for the high level of resistance of TMS 97/2205. The resistance profile of the evaluated CMD2 genotypes in growth cycle was not uniform and was affected by genetic background. The discovery of a new QTL (CMD3) for CMD resistance in TMS 97/2205 offers new opportunities for pyramiding CMD genes for enhanced durability of CMD resistance in cassava.
Okogbenin, E.; Egesi, C.N.; Olasanmi, B.; Ogundapo, O.; Kahya, S.; Hurtado, P.; Marin, J.; Akinbo, O.; Mba, C.; Gomez, H.; de Vicente, C.; Baiyeri, S.; Uguru, M.; Ewa, F.; Fregene, M. Molecular Marker Analysis and Validation of Resistance to Cassava Mosaic Disease in Elite Cassava Genotypes in Nigeria. Crop Science (2012) 52 (6) 2576-2586. [DOI: 10.2135/cropsci2011.11.0586]