Mobile phones have made a significant impact on developing countries, which have played a key role in the mobile phone global value chain (GVC). The dynamic of the GVC, notably growing concentration in trade and production and the rise of low-end markets, is shaping the impact of economic upgrading on social upgrading. Increased GVC concentration has limited employment growth to just a few countries and firms, and the prevalence of casual labour has led to segmented upgrading among workers. Moreover, the low-end market is vulnerable to poor working conditions. However, shifting end markets are presenting new opportunities for social upgrading in developing countries.
This is a revised version of the Summit Briefing which informed panel discussions and stimulated debate at the Capturing the Gains Summit, ‘Capturing the Gains in Value Chains’, held in Cape Town, South Africa, 3-5 December 2012 (http://www.capturingthegains.org/ summit/). It incorporates recommendations arising from debate with key stakeholders at the Summit.
Lee, J.; Gereffi, G.; Dev Nathan. Mobile phones: who benefits in shifting global value chains? (2013) 6 pp. [Revised Summit Briefing No. 6.1]