This research includes case studies on Malawi, South Africa, Cuba and Kenya
This report analyses global nexus interconnections such as the dependence of food systems on energy at every stage of the food value chain. It identifies key drivers, which include economic and population growth, resource depletion, environmental degradation, climate change and globalisation. The study also inlcudes 3 case study countries (Malawi, South Africa and Cuba), which represent different levels and types of economic development and ‘socio-metabolic regimes’ (agrarian, industrial and agro-ecological).
A wide range of mitigation strategies, policies and measures are put forward that can help developing country governments to manage the nexus more effectively. These include ways to strengthen institutions, governance and policy coherence, as well as technical measures to boost resilience and sustainability of energy, food and water systems and to accelerate a transition to green economies.
In 2017, a further case study on Kenya was published.
This research was supported by the UK Department for International Development’s Policy Research Fund.
Wakeford, J.; Kelly, C.; Mentz Lagrange, S. Mitigating risks and vulnerabilities in the energy-food-water nexus in developing countries. Sustainability Institute, Stellenbosch, South Africa (2015) 286 pp.
Wakeford, Jeremy J. The Water-Energy–Food Nexus in a Climate-Vulnerable, Frontier Economy: The Case of Kenya. Sustainability Institute, Stellenbosch, South Africa (2017) 29p