In this paper, results from surveys in which enumerators made
unannounced visits to primary schools and health clinics in Bangladesh,
Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru, and Uganda and recorded whether they
found teachers and health workers in the facilities are reported.
Averaging across the countries, about 19 percent of teachers and 35
percent of health workers were absent.
The link to the summary on eldis is given as well as the link to the
John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA, 43 pp.