India produces more milk than any other country, 84 million tons in
2001. The majority of the dairy cattle are kept in small herds and the
average annual milk yield per animal is a fraction of those achieved in
the USA and New Zealand. The paper identifies this sector as one with
high potential for growth and poverty alleviation.
The briefing contains summaries of the farm types found in India, the
costs of milk production and the prospects for landless dairy farmers.
Recommendations for raising productivity, reducing poverty and
increasing the marketplace power of producers, are made.