This paper presents findings from a hospital-based case-control study in India which sought to determine the association of menstrual hygiene management practices with urogenital infections. Controlling for environmental drivers, it found that disposable pads, wealth, and space for personal hygiene in the household reduced Bacterial Vaginosis or Urinary Tract Infections. The study was truly unique as this relationship had never before been explored using both symptoms and laboratory diagnosed health outcomes.
Das, P.; Baker, K.K.; Dutta, A.; Swain, T.; Sahoo, S.; Das, B.S.; Panda, B.; Nayak, A.; Bara, M.; Bilung, B.; Mishra, P.R.; Panigrahi, P.; Cairncross, S.; Torondel, B. Menstrual Hygiene Practices, WASH Access and the Risk of Urogenital Infection in Women from Odisha, India. PLoS ONE (2015) 10 (6) e0130777. [DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0130777]