This report starts by exploring the experience of other countries and multilateral bodies in measuring fraud in aid. It also investigates the methods used amongst other public bodies. The report then moves on to the challenges of measuring fraud in bilateral aid agencies, using Fraud Loss Measurement Techniques (FLM), before considering some of the methodologies which were ruled out. The report ends with the preferred methodology followed by options for fraud loss measurement in bilateral agencies.
Button, M.; Lewis, C.; Shepherd, D.; Brooks, G. Measuring Fraud in Overseas Aid: Options and Method. University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK (2012) 47 pp.