This study examines the variability of village ‘behaviour’ in
Afghanistan and whether or not this can be characterised more
systematically in order to guide programming according to context and to
account for villages’ development experience. The rationale for the
research draws from a wide body of empirical evidence, which has found
significant differences between villages with respect to their capacity
to generate public goods. Key public goods that villages can generate
are seen to be a capacity to support dispute resolution, ensure security
and provide basic welfare for inhabitants.
This paper seeks to makes the case that it is possible to construct
village typologies, identify the basic features that might underlie
different village types, and show that village preconditions do vary and
that there are patterns to this variation that can be characterised.
The findings from this paper also indicate that key factors to take
account of in grouping villages that are similar or dissimilar would
- altitude, grouping villages into higher and lower altitude according
- land ownership distribution patterns and the degree of concentration
of irrigated land ownership;
- the identity of customary authority in the village and how this is
linked to land ownership;
- village ethnic identities in relation to surrounding villages;
- the history of public goods provision in the village and its effects.
Pain, A.; Sturge, G. Mapping village variability in Afghanistan: the use of cluster analysis to construct village typologies. SLRC Working Paper 32. Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium, London, UK (2015) v + 53 pp.
Mapping village variability in Afghanistan: the use of cluster analysis to construct village typologies. SLRC Working Paper 32