Conflicts over the management of common pool resources are not simply material. They also depend on the perceptions of the protagonists. Policy to improve management often assumes that problems are self-evident, but in fact careful and transparent consideration of the ways different stakeholders understand management problems is essential to effective dialogue.
Science (2003) 302 (5652) 1915-1916 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1087771]
Managing tragedies: Understanding conflict over common pool resources.