This review describes evidence on the global prevalence and distribution of male circumcision; summarizes the evidence of an impact on HIV incidence – three randomized controlled trials in Africa indicate a risk reduction of about 60%; and highlights the major public health opportunities and challenges raised by these findings.
Weiss, H.A.; Bailey, R.C.; Hayes, R.J.; Schmid, G.; Hankins, C.A.; Halperin, D. Male circumcision for HIV prevention: from evidence to action? AIDS (2008) 22 (5) 567-574. [DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3282f3f406]