Male circumcision is one of the oldest and most common surgical procedures worldwide, but it is relatively uncommon in the parts of sub-Saharan Africa with the highest rates of HIV infection. Three randomized controlled trials show that it reduces the risk of HIV acquisition in males by 50–60%. The World Health Organization recommends male circumcision as an important additional HIV prevention strategy. Services for safe male circumcision are being expanded in settings with high HIV prevalence. This brings with it a number of challenges.
Programme for Research and Capacity Building in Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV in Developing Countries research briefing no. 5, February 2010. 2 pp.