Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) aims for total sanitation where
no-one practices open defecation, which in itself has potential to
reduce vulnerabilities to violence. However, concerns over safety,
privacy or dignity when using sanitary facilities can lead to facilities
not being used or only being used during hours of darkness. Whilst poor
design or siting of latrines or hygiene-related facilities are not the
root cause of violence, these issues can contribute to increased
vulnerability to violence, as well as fear of violence, which can affect
the usage of the facilities and also the ability of communities to
become and remain open-defecation-free.
This manual focuses on the issue of safety and vulnerabilities to
violence that women, girls - and sometimes boys and men - can face which
are related to sanitation and hygiene. It points out areas in which CLTS
methodologies, if not used skilfully with awareness and care, can risk
creating additional vulnerabilities, for example as a by-product of
community pressure to become open-defecation-free. It also looks at good
practices within organisations to ensure that those working in the
sector know how to reduce vulnerabilities to violence and to ensure that
sector actors also do not become the perpetrators of or face violence.
House, S.; Cavill, S. Making Sanitation and Hygiene Safer: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Violence. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK (2015) 15 pp.
Making Sanitation and Hygiene Safer: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Violence