This study reviews a selection of materials on the environment and
humanitarian interventions, including disasters and conflict. The review
- Who is active in the field of environment and humanitarian response,
- What exists in terms of knowledge development and application to
effectively manage environmental concerns during humanitarian
The materials reviewed are not comprehensive but expected to be
sufficient to identify the key actors and knowledge in the
environment-humanitarian intervention nexus. The materials assembled in
this study are expected to be of use to Environment-Humanitarian Sector
Advisors in supporting humanitarian operations.
The study results indicate no dispute that the environment is important
to effective humanitarian interventions. Broad, and increasing, efforts
are being made to develop tools and capacities to define and address the
environmental aspects of humanitarian interventions. These efforts
confirm a widely held view that \"Mainstreaming environmental
considerations into humanitarian interventions … not only increases
the long-term sustainability of projects and programmes but can also
achieve other benefits including cost savings, disaster risk reduction,
gender equity, food security, and energy efficiency, among others\", a
hypothesis set out in the study terms of reference.
The information reviewed also indicates that the second statement set
out in the terms of reference, that \"The failure to address
environmental considerations within humanitarian interventions, can lead
to a web of unintended adverse impacts on people and environment, which
may threaten the long term sustainability of interventions and recovery
processes\" is generally held to be true across actors involved in the
environment-humanitarian assistance nexus.
However, evidence of these unintended adverse impacts threatening
sustainability is scarce in the formal literature.
Kelly, C. Mainstreaming environment into humanitarian interventions &#8211; A synopsis of key organisations, literature and experience. Evidence on Demand, UK (2013) 40 pp. [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12774/eod_hd053.jul2013.kelly]