This report is the first of two case studies that document the initial
findings of a research project to develop good practice guidelines for
maximising the developmental impact of local and regional food aid
procurement. The report focuses on Uganda, with a particular emphasis on
maize and on procurement by the United Nations World Food Programme
(WFP). Findings from this study will inform a final position paper that
draws also on insights from the second case study (Ethiopia) and from a
In Uganda food aid is required to support both refugees and internally
displaced people. Uganda is also the source of some of the food aid
purchased for surrounding countries, in particular Rwanda, Burundi and
the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Local food aid purchases, alongside cross-border exports to Kenya, have
been driving the development of the Ugandan maize sub-sector, generating
significant employment and income in the farming and trading sectors and
benefiting a wide range of other service providers. Local procurement
activities have also provided a stimulus to the production and marketing
of beans, and are behind the emergence of a small blended-foods
manufacturing sector. Nevertheless, WFP purchases may have had an
adverse impact on regional trade.
There is scope for improving local food aid procurement activities in
Uganda while contributing to the development of domestic grain marketing
systems and the transition towards more sustainable markets.
This case study examines the agricultural sector in Uganda, the maize
sub-sector in Uganda, WFP local food aid procurement activities in
Uganda, and the impact of local food aid procurement. Conclusions and
recommendations are also presented.
Local Food Aid Procurement in Uganda, Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK, x + 51 pp.
Local Food Aid Procurement in Uganda