Despite the understanding and the clear overarching benefits of access
to energy in addressing the various dimensions of development and
poverty reduction, to date there has been little discussion on energy
access within the context of adaptation and building resilience to
climate change and climate variability. Energy is generally tackled as a
mitigation issue or in relation to energy security, and more recently in
relation to providing access to energy services at the household or
This literature review was conducted with the aim of carrying out a
systematic evidence search to support the idea that there is a synergy
between access to energy and climate change adaptation, in particular to
show how energy access contributes to reducing vulnerability and
building resilience to climate change and climate variability. The core
focus of the review being to find existing evidence, highlight where
there are clear gaps in evidence and understand the challenges and
opportunities for fostering a greater integration between energy access
and climate change adaptation.
The following research questions have been considered:
(1) How has energy access been framed in the context of adaptation and
building resilience to climate change and climate variability?
(2) What does the literature say in terms of evidence that access to
energy increases resilience? Is there any evidence that access to energy
contributes to maladaptation?
(3) What are the potential challenges and opportunities for promoting
access to energy as a means of adaptation?
This report has been produced for Evidence on Demand with the assistance
of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) contracted
through the Climate, Environment, Infrastructure and Livelihoods
Professional Evidence and Applied Knowledge Services (CEIL PEAKS)
programme, jointly managed by DAI (which incorporates HTSPE Limited) and
IMC Worldwide Limited.
Perera, N.; Boyd, E.; Wilkins, G.; Phillips Itty, R. Literature review on energy access and adaptation to climate change. Evidence on Demand, UK (2015) xii + 75 pp. [DOI: 10.12774/eod_cr.may2015.pereran]