The purpose of this research is to identify the potential and
constraints of community-driven management and service delivery by
tracking the evolution of participation, in selected projects as shaped
by the interface between individuals, community workers and
In the first section, the paper discusses a working definition of CBWs,
which will be specified and diversified throughout the text. The text
moves on to a discussion of the historical development of the idea of
the CBWs: from a 1970s 'community involvement' focus, to ideas
regarding participatory development, to a partial cooptation of
participatory approaches in neo-liberal reforms. In a second section,
the paper examines various case studies as discussed in the available
literature. This discussion is structured according to specific
subjects: healthcare, justice, education, research, and the natural
environment. In addition, we discuss the literature on the motivations
of CBWs and on cost-effectiveness. In some concluding reflections, we
examine the constraints and possibilities of service delivery through
CBWs in developing countries. In doing so, we attempt to trace the
The research analyses case studies of community-driven development
activity in relation to water and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania and South Africa.
Literature review: community-based workers and service delivery. CDD Working Paper No. 1., Bradford Centre for International Development, University of Bradford, UK, 36 pp.
Literature review: community-based workers and service delivery. CDD Working Paper No. 1.