In light of current negotiations between the Colombian government and the largest guerrilla group – the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) – this rapid review gives an overview of the evidence on lessons for international community involvement in the implementation of peace agreements and demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration (DDR) programmes.
The majority of this paper focusses on Colombia; however, in accordance with the research question, this paper also examines relevant examples from the region (particularly El Salvador and Guatemala), and from other parts of the world (Burundi, Kosovo, and Bosnia). The full research question is in Appendix 1.
The first half of the paper focuses on Colombian experiences, examining the lessons from previous peace negotiations, demobilisation of ex-combatants, reintegration initiatives, and the role of the international community in these areas (section 2). The second half of the paper examines lessons from other countries – examining experiences of verification and monitoring of peace agreements in different countries (section 3) and lessons from reintegration initiatives (section 4).
Herbert, S. Lessons from implementing peace agreements: what next for Colombia? GSDRC Rapid Literature Review. Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2013) 31 pp.