This article by Sohela Nazneen and Sakiba Tasneem from Pathways South Asia, based on an analysis of documents including the Pathways research on local government undertaken by Zarina Rahman Khan and Amena Mohsin, argues that affirmative action has little effect if women are nominated – as opposed to being elected – to their seats. Nominated women lack a constituency, and hence legitimacy. This makes them far less powerful than elected (male) councillors. In Bangladesh, affirmative action really started making an impact when women had to be elected to their seats.
Capacity: Local Government for Gender Equality, Issue 40, August 2010, pp. 10-11
Legitimacy enhances capacity