The Joint Learning Initiative on Children and AIDS (JLICA) of the Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa, adopted the key strategies of the 2004 Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS for the work of its Learning Groups. Learning Group 1 focused on Strengthening Families, the first key strategy in the Framework, stated as “Strengthen the capacity of families to protect and care for orphans and vulnerable children by prolonging the lives of parents and providing economic, psychosocial and other support”. Twelve studies were commissioned, and a review was undertaken. It was concluded that families and related networks are the mainstay of children's protection in the face of the AIDS epidemic; that HIV and AIDS affect many children, not just those whose parents have died; and that much more (including income transfers) needs to be done to strengthen and support families to help them in their important role.
Published by Joint Learning Initiative on Children and AIDS, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa, 2008. 4 pp.