This study examines the nature and functioning of the labour market in
Mozambique. There is little disagreement that the country has achieved
remarkable success over recent decades, particularly when viewed at the
aggregate level. Over nearly 20 years, Mozambique has boasted one of the
world’s highest rates of GDP growth and has successfully moved from
post-conflict stabilization and reconstruction into a more mature
However, the country’s development record in not unblemished. In
particular, there is growing evidence that macroeconomic success has not
delivered unambiguous socio-economic benefits at the household level.
Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in the world, ranked on
the UNDP’s 2011 Human Development Index at 184 out of 187 countries,
below so-called failed states such as Haiti, Afghanistan and the Central
African Republic. It is also increasingly recognized that Mozambique’s
growth has become less pro-poor over time, meaning that consumption
poverty rates have remained persistently high. It is precisely this
tension between growth and inequality that motivates a closer
examination of trends in Mozambique’s labour market.
Jones, S.; Tarp, F. Jobs and Welfare in Mozambique. The World Bank, Washington DC, USA (2012) vi + 81 pp.