Map international donor aid to Lebanon since the 2006 crisis (development and humanitarian aid). Where possible, identify funding committed in response to the Syrian crisis.
Solid data from the OECD and OCHA makes mapping the official aid to
Lebanon possible. However, official data is only part of the story:
major aid flows have remained unrecorded, for example from Saudi Arabia
and Iran. Information on macro-level aid also seems largely
Lebanon has received large volumes of international donor aid since the
1970s. The emphasis has regularly gone back and forth between, or at
times combined, humanitarian assistance (emergency and recovery),
reconstruction, or more traditional development.
Ideological, religious, political and economic interests have influenced
the motivations and actions of all aid actors. Lebanon is the site of a
development and reconstruction proxy conflict shaped by national and
regional politics. This has translated into generally limited
Since the civil war, core players have mostly remained the same. Major
bilateral donors have been Western states (especially the USA and some
European countries), Western-allied Gulf countries such as Saudi Arabia
or Kuwait, and Iran. UN humanitarian, refugee and development
organisations have been consistently strong contributors. Likewise, NGOs
and the Red Cross Red Crescent system have long been active, as have
Lebanese actors themselves.
- Between 2006 and 2011, EU institutions, the USA, UNRWA and France were
consistently among the top 5 donors to Lebanon.
- In 2011, by far the main sector funded was social infrastructure and
services. Other significant sectors included ‘economic infrastructure
and services’, humanitarian aid and production sectors. The most
funded sub-sectors were education and ‘government and civil society’,
followed by transport and storage, water supply and sanitation, and
As of 1 August 2013, close to 98% of humanitarian aid to Lebanon in 2013
has been related to the Syrian crisis (over US$ 427 million – out of the
$1 billion deemed necessary). Top contributors include the USA, Kuwait
and ECHO. Major channels are UNHCR, UNICEF, UNRWA and WFP, as well as
the Red Cross Red Crescent system.
Combaz, E. International aid to Lebanon (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 979). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2013) 16 pp.