Intergeneric somatic hybrids of rice [Oryza sativa L. (+) Porteresia coarctata (Roxb.) Tateoka]

Abstract

Somatic hybrid plants were obtained following the electrofusion of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv ’Taipei 309’, 2n = 2x = 24) cell suspension–derived protoplasts with non-dividing leaf protoplasts of Porteresia coarctata (2n = 4x = 48), a saline-tolerant wild species. Fusion-treated protoplasts were plated on the surface of cellulose nitrate filter membranes, overlaying Lolium multiflorum nurse cells. The nurse cells were embedded in KPR medium containing 0.5 mg l−1 2,4–dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and semi-solidified with SeaPlaque agarose. Putative somatic hybrid cell colonies were selected on the basis of their growth, whereby faster growing colonies were transferred preferentially to MS-based medium with 2.0 mg l−1 kinetin, 0.5 mg l−1α-naphthaleneacetic acid, 30 g l−1 sucrose and 4.0 g l−1 SeaKem agarose to induce shoot regeneration. One hundred and nineteen regenerated plants were micropropagated clonally on MS-based medium containing 2.0 mg l−1 6–benzylaminopurine, 50 g l−1 sucrose and 4.0 g l−1 SeaKem agarose, prior to DNA extraction of plant samples. Putative somatic hybrids were initially identified by RAPD analysis, and 8 plant lines were selected for further investigation by flow cytometric ploidy determination and cytology. Plants of one line had an allohexaploid chromosome complement (2n = 6x = 72) and, following examination of its vegetative clones by GISH, were confirmed as somatic hybrids containing full chromosome complements of both O. sativa and P. coarctata.

Citation

Jelodar, N.B.; Blackhall, N.W.; Hartman, T.P.V.; Brar, D.S.; Khush, G.; Davey, M.R.; Cocking, E.C.; Power, J.B. Intergeneric somatic hybrids of rice [Oryza sativa L. (+) Porteresia coarctata (Roxb.) Tateoka]. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics (1999) 99 (3-4) 570-577. [DOI: 10.1007/s001220051270]

Intergeneric somatic hybrids of rice [Oryza sativa L. (+) Porteresia coarctata (Roxb.) Tateoka]

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