An integrated sexual and reproductive health package is widely regarded as essential for meeting the needs of both men and women. The practical realities of integration in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, were examined from the perspective of both providers and clients. Only minorities of clients received any assessment of reproductive and sexual health needs over and above their main presenting need or problem. The majority would have welcomed such assessments and many were classified as being in need, particularly for advice and services with regard to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Most providers were positive about integration, but their ability to practice an active form of integration was limited by inadequate training and time constraints. While training defects can be remedied, the time constraints posed by heavy patient loads are less tractable. More skilful use of booking clerks or the introduction of lay counsellors are also possible solutions.
Health Policy and Planning (2005) 20 (5) 310-318 [doi:10.1093/heapol/czi038].