Tick- and tsetse-borne diseases cost Africa about US$4–5 billion per year in livestock production-associated losses. The use of pyrethroid-treated cattle to control ticks and tsetse promises to be an increasingly important tool to counter this loss. However, uncontrolled use of this technology might lead to environmental damage, acaricide resistance in tick populations and a possible exacerbation of tick-borne diseases. Recent research to identify, quantify and to develop strategies to avoid these effects are highlighted.
Trends in Parasitology (2003) 19 (8) 341-345 [doi:10.1016/S1471-4922(03)00164-8]
Integrated control of vector-borne diseases of livestock – pyrethroids: panacea or poison?