This paper argues that instituted frames in relation to the growth and development of economic capability and its associated knowledge base are central to the development problem since they capture the fundamental point that economies only develop through their people becoming more knowledgeable. Beginning with a brief outline of the national innovation systems concept and its application to developing economies, it turns to some more obvious deficiencies and then explores four particular areas of weakness in the innovation systems literature, namely, the ambiguities in the treatment of information and knowledge, the market enterprise dimension of the innovation process, the distinction between innovation ecologies and innovation systems and, finally, innovation systems policy as the alternative to market failure based innovation policy.
Manchester, UK, CRC Working Paper, No. 121, 27 pp.
Innovation systems and the competitive process in developing economies.